There is presently a shortage of special Psychologists in schools and therefore threatening the education of pupils with conditions such as autism, and the number of ‘educational Psychologists’ has dropped by 11 per cent since 2009.

A growing field of study is sports psychology, which helps sportsmen and women improve their concentration or deter them from retaliating against provocation.

Careers in clinical and counselling psychology are expected to grow especially fast due to the greater demand for clinical and counselling Psychologists in hospitals, mental health centres and social service agencies.

The demand for health care Psychologists is also expected to increase as these Psychologists work more frequently with doctors and social workers.

Industrial-organisation psychology
Growth in this area is attributed to the increased use of Psychologists in companies' selection of employees and identification of areas in need of improvement.

There are also a number of less typical roles for psychology graduates, including jobs in media and other creative industries. Of the psychology careers which do not require further study - training is usually available on the job to ensure development.

The overall employment of Psychologists is expected to grow by 22 percent from 2010 to 2020.

A Psychologist may work in the following areas:

  • educational - helping children and young people to overcome difficulties

  • occupational – helping employee job satisfaction

  • health – advising patients and their families to cope with illness

  • counselling – assisting people resolve their problems and make decisions at stressful times in their lives

  • neuropsychology – helping patients with brain injuries and diseases to recover or improve their quality of life

  • forensic or criminal – using psychological theory to help investigate crimes, rehabilitate offenders and support prison staff

  • clinical – working with people to help them deal with conditions ranging from anxiety and stress to depression and mental illness

Requirements to qualify as a Psychologist:

A British Psychological Society (BPS) accredited degree in psychology leading to the Graduate Basis for Chartered Membership (GBC).

Also work experience in the chosen area of specialism.

A BPS accredited postgraduate qualification. (It is important to check that a postgraduate programme is approved by the HCPC).

All practising Psychologists need to be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).  


  • Average pay (NHS) £39,000 – Clinical Psychologist

  • Trainee clinical Psychologists start at Band 6 (£25,783)

  • Experienced Psychologists (Band 8a) can earn between £50,000 to £60,000

  • Salary will depend on whether you are a clinical, forensic, child, counselling, criminal, sports, occupational, health or educational psychologist.